Louisiana Republic History(Flags of secession 1861)
Despite the idealistic principles of Freedom, Liberty, and Justice for all–and the equality of all men as espoused by the framers of the Declaration of Independence: the political considerations, personal prejudices, racism, power plays, and the economic realities of the existing structure of slavery in several states remained a blot on the American experiment.
The dispute over slave vs. free states started as early as the 1800s, and intensified in the 1820s, 30s and 40s. During the 1850s the controversy over slavery raged even hotter despite several attempts at compromise. Tempers in Congress and in conversation flared to the breaking point. With the election of Republican Abraham Lincoln to the presidency in 1860, the legislatures of several Southern states voted to secede and become free and independent states, sovereign in their own right. The Federal government declared them in rebellion and mounted armies to invade the South to force them back into the Union.
By a vote of 113 to 17 in special convention, Louisiana seceded from the Union in March, 1861. Reflecting the Unionist sympathies of St. Tammany Parish, convention representatives of St. Tammany voted against secession.
Louisiana adopted its own flag of six white, four blue, and three red stripes with a yellow star on a red field before joining with her sister states in the Confederate State of America.
The Union, recognizing that the key to its Anaconda plan was the capture of the City of New Orleans, and thus control of the entire Mississippi River, sent a fleet under Admiral David Farragut who captured the city in May, 1862. This doomed the Confederacy, although bloody battles raged for another three years before the final capitulation of the last Confederate forces. This war accounted for 630,000 American lives lost.
Its economy devastated, its legislature in the hands of radical Republicans, its spirit broken and humiliated, under Federal military occupation for sixteen years; the area was slow to recover. Much of the sectional and racial animosity persisted for generations. Secret insurgent organizations like the KKK terrorized the hapless former slaves, while the Freedman’s Bureau did their best to help them. Segregation, political manipulation, and corruption became the norm in Louisiana through much of the 20th century.
Huey P. Long,
Edwin Edwards vs. David Duke.
(The links on this page are not yet operative, but are being researched and assembled and added as information is available. Thanks for your patience.)